Artificial Intelligence and Legal System

PayHes, Insider Tech, Tech Insider

When you hear the term AI you tend to think of machines that are taking over but it’s a technique that has  found its way to our daily life that has become so general that we don’t even realize we use it all the time . For instance, an accurate search result from google or facebook feeds according to our interest. 

AI refers to simulation of human intelligence by machines / computer systems or in simple terms the ability of a computer program or machine to think and learn . It has the power to fundamentally change industries , work and life and its main aim is to mimic humans. They are poised to automate tasks which were once performed by humans . In the recent past  AI  has been able to accomplish this by creating machines and robots that are being used in a wide range of fields, one such is the impact of AI on the legal system . So this article looks at the state of AI in legal sectors and gives instances of how AI is employed and how AI made an impact on the legal system. ?

AI in Legal System

The use of  AI is expanding all over the world , as the Indian system is vast and constantly changing  the use of AI can give an unparalleled insight to lawyers. It provides you with more effective and accurate results.  It helps judges by providing a facilitative tool to review , easier decision making etc which increases efficiency. AI has the potential for revolution on how the legal system operates and it should be used as a supplement to the legal system rather than a replacement for humans .

 In most cases legal industries still follow the traditional approach and are also slow to accept new technologies. But acknowledge that AI has the potential to change how lawyers practice and how India views the rule of law .

What are the benefits of AI in the legal system?

  •  It helps in due deligence ,where litigation needs various papers to be reviewed as the AI helps by examination of contract , legal research , and electronic discovery which is very difficult to work and convert in a short period by humans..
  • Increased efficiency as they perform tasks and produce the result much quicker than humans 
  • Reducing cost – By use of AI machines it helps in reducing the high cost of obtaining  legal assistance . 
  • Less time consuming – AI tools can automate repetitive and administrative tasks as a result the time saved from the tasks can be redirected to more needed clients by providing assistance..
  • Enhanced decision making -AI tools are being used for their predictive analytics which provide insight to lawyers to inform time to be taken for decision making and cost of a particular task.

With its wide range of benefits it comes with potential limitations also which are :-

  • There is an increased chance of misuse and abuse as the information collected is with the AI engines which increases privacy concerns .
  • There is an increased potential of information getting hacked and stolen  as these AI systems are vulnerable to hacking , cyber attacks and data breach thus the lawyers need to make sure that their clients confidential information is being protected.
  •  The AI system is difficult and opaque which makes it difficult to  understand and goes against the tenant of transparency .
  •  The major threat is the unemployment that will be created in the legal sector.

Q&A

  1. Will AI replace lawyers ? 

Even with the worldwide acceptance of AI, attorneys will still be all- important. Mainly the legal system depends on human judgment and AI engines may not always be able to replace the judgment . Human supervision is necessary as AI will not be able to handle complicated  situations that require human opinion , interpretation and strategic decisions on litigation matters.. AI can assist lawyers by contract review, document analyzing, gathering information, chatbots  providing legal information and assistance etc. 

2. Does AI have the ability to give legal advices

AI can be used to assist with tasks such as identifying relevant cases,searching through legal documents etc , but it could never replace the expertise and judgment of a human lawyer. 

3. How did AI change the legal industry?

  • By providing an enhanced client experience-. Legal services will always require human connection but AI can deliver a better client experience.
  • By predicting the outcome of pending cases based on historical data.
  • Helping the firms in time saving and helping to concentrate on more clients.

Artificial Intelligence And Legal System